Friday 23rd of February 2018

Extract an Essential Skeleton of a Character as a Graph from a Character Image

Kazuhisa Fujita

This paper aims to make a graph representing an essential skeleton of a character from an image that includes a machine printed or a handwritten character using the growing neural gas (GNG) method and the relative neighborhood graph (RNG) algorithm. The visual system in our brain can recognize printed characters and handwritten characters easily, robustly, and precisely. How can our brains robustly recognize characters? In the visual processing in our brain, essential features of an object will be used for recognition. The essential features are crosses, corners, junctions and so on. These features may be useful for character recognition by a computer. However, extraction of the features is difficult. If the skeleton of a character is represented as a graph, the features can be more easily extracted. To extract the skeleton of a character as a graph from a character image, we used the GNG method and the RNG algorithm. We achieved to extract skeleton graphs from images including distorted, noisy, and handwritten characters.

Keywords: Skeletonization, Character Recognition, Self Organizing Map.

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Kazuhisa Fujita
University of Electro-Communications

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