Friday 24th of November 2017
 

Recent Advances on Energy Efficient Cluster Based Routing Protocols of Wireless Sensor Networks for Healthcare Systems


Mohammed Joda Usman, Zhang Xing, Haruna Chiroma, Ahmed Aliyu, Usman Waziri, Sani Danjuma, Abdulrauf Garba and Abubakar Suleiman Gezawa

A number of hospitals and medical centres are exploring applications of wireless sensor network (WSN) technology to a wide range of medical applications, including pre-hospital, and in-hospital emergency care, disaster response, and stroke patient rehabilitation. Current Healthcare Wireless Sensor Networks (HCWSN) research trends focus on patient, reliable communication, patient mobility, and energy-efficient routing, among others. The studies focus on different cluster-based routing protocols which are used in increasing energy efficiency of WSN for healthcare application and to point out important issues in cluster-based routing (CBR) protocol that guide to improve them in order to extend their application range. Today, WSNs are becoming popular and many routing protocols have been proposed in the literature with a focus on the hierarchical routing. This paper surveys the WSNs energy-efficient CBR techniques that are used for Healthcare Communication system. Recent advancement and limitations of previous studies were highlighted. The routing protocols are categorized according to their respective energy efficiency. We intend for researchers to quickly identify areas that require more attention and to propose a novel methodology for improving the effectiveness of existing protocols.

Keywords: Routing Protocols, Healthcare, Node, Sensor Nodes, Wireless Sensor Networks.

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ABOUT THE AUTHORS

Mohammed Joda Usman
is a master student at Liaoning University of Technology, China. He received his B. tech Information and Communication Technology from Modibbo Adama University of Technology Yola Nigeria in 2008. His main research interest includes Internet of Things technology, computer network and application, information security and neural network and now he is a Graduate Assistant at Bauchi State University Gadau, Nigeria.

Zhang Xing
Zhang Xing is presently an associate professor and the graduate adviser at School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Liaoning University of Technology, China. He is the ACM and CCF Member. He received his doctorate from the Beijing University of Technology in 2011. His research areas are computer network architecture, information security, Internet of Things technology. He recently published 31 papers in the related fields of wireless sensor network security, including 15 journal papers and 16 conference papers indexed by SCI/EI, obtained 5 invention patents, composed 1 textbook “Introduction to Information Security”. He is a program committee member of WMCS2011, Mobile Cloud 2013 and Mobile Cloud 2014. He is a reviewer of Security and Communication Networks, Journal of Communications, Journal of Jurnal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Journal of Zhejiang University (Engineering Science), Journal of Network and Computer Application and IEEE Transaction on Vehicular Technology.

Haruna Chiroma
is presently a PhD candidate at the department of Artificial Intelligence, University of Malaya. He possesses B.Tech. and Msc in Computer Science from ATBU, Bauchi, Nigeria and BUK, Nigeria, respectively. His main research interest include neural network, genetic algorithms, data mining, machine learning, human computer interaction, computer communications, information security, image processing and artificial intelligence techniques in education. He has publications in Information Sciences and Computer Engineering, Computer Science and Telecommunications, Journal of computer science and its application among others. He also has publications in referred conference proceedings including ACM, IEEE, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering among others.

Ahmed Aliyu
is currently pursuing their masters degree program in currently pursuing masters degree program in Computer Science, Liaoning University of Technology China.

Usman Waziri
is currently pursuing masters degree program in Computer Science, Liaoning University of Technology China

Sani Danjuma
is currently pursuing their masters degree program in currently pursuing masters degree program in Computer Science, Liaoning University of Technology China

Abdulrauf Garba
is currently pursuing their masters degree program in currently pursuing masters degree program in Computer Science, Liaoning University of Technology China

Abubakar Suleiman Gezawa
is currently pursuing their masters degree program in currently pursuing masters degree program in Computer Science, Liaoning University of Technology China


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