Sunday 21st of January 2018

A Trustworthy Architectural Framework For the Administration of E-voting- The Case of Ghana

John Kingsley Arthur and Kofi Sarpong Adu-Manu

One of the key areas of concentration in achieving harmonious democracy is transparency in the electoral processes. Some countries like Ghana, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Kenya have recently had issues of doubt and mistrust of the administration and the management of their Electoral Commission and hence a suspicion of election fraud which has prone threats of violence, economic declination and on the peak, legal implications. There was a claim of double registration, duplicated ballots, lost ballots, wrong count of ballot, failure of biometric registration system, impersonation, and alteration of counted votes in the immediate past election in Ghana, which led to series of court cases. Therefore, this paper seeks to optimize the voting processes and governance of the Electoral Commission of Ghana by proposing a trustable e-voting theoretical framework which dwells on biometric data of various candidates as the basis for encryption of ballot, dedicated channel for transmission of counted ballots and, connecting and disconnecting the database server before and after voting. Various literatures are considered to help propose a robust framework.

Keywords: E-voting, theoretical framework, biometric data, security, encryption.

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John Kingsley Arthur
A faculty member of the Valley View University. Has masters Degree in Information Technology and has professional affiliation with Computer Science Teachers(CSTA)-U.S.A. and Victorian Information Technology Teachers(VITTA)- Australia. Research areas include e-governance, software engineering, data warehousing, and algorithms and data structures.

Kofi Sarpong Adu-Manu
Assistant lecturer at Valley View University. Has masters in Computer Science from Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology. Has published several papers in recognized international journals. Research areas include data warehousing, computer graphics, and web applications development.

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