Wednesday 22nd of November 2017
 

A Study on Existing Gait Biometrics Approaches and Challenges


Rohit Katiyar, Vinay Kumar Pathak and K.V. Arya

Applications of biometrics system are increasingly day by day as these methods provide more reliable and accurate way of identification and verification. Psychological studies indicate that people have a small but statistically significant ability to recognize the gait of individuals that they know. Gait biometrics is one of the recent biometrics systems which works on the shape and gesture of an individual walking style and comes under the category of behavioral biometric characteristics. The techniques used for gait recognition can be divided into two categories: holistic (feature/ appearance based) and model based. An overview of each gait recognition category is presented. The factors that may influence the gait recognition are also outlined here and security evaluations of gait biometrics under various attack scenarios are also presented. We also, compare the reported recognition rates as a function of sample size for several published gait recognition systems.

Keywords: Gait Biometrics, Model Based Approaches, Holistic Approaches, Gait Database, Challenges, Security Strength.

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ABOUT THE AUTHORS

Rohit Katiyar
Rohit Katiyar born on April-13-1983 at Varanasi, U.P. in India. and received the B. Tech. (Hons.) degree in Information Technology from B.S.A. College of Engineering & Technology affiliated with U. P. Technical University, Lucknow in 2005. He is currently working toward the Ph.D. degree at Harcourt Butler Technological Institute, Kanpur. His current research interests include Gait Biometrics System, Image Processing and Fusion of different biometrics modalities etc. He is currently working as teacher fellow at Harcourt Butler Technological Institute, Kanpur. He has 5.5 years teaching experience and 4 years experience in research. He is also a counselor in IGNOU study centre from last 4 years. Mr. Katiyar is also a member of IACSIT society and also one of the peer reviewer member in IACSIT. Currently Mr. Katiyar has 6 international conference papers, 1 international and 1 national journal. He has guided 10 undergraduate projects and 15 postgraduate projects.

Vinay Kumar Pathak
Born on June 2, 1969 Dr. Vinay Kumar Pathak had a bright academic career of 16 years as Lecturer, Asstt. Professor at HBTI Kanpur, Project Scientist at IIT Kanpur and again as Professor and Dean at HBTI Kanpur before taking over as Vice Chancellor UOU on 26th November 2009. Dr. Pathak did his B. Tech. in Computer Science from Harcourt Butler Technological Institute, Kanpur in 1991; M. Tech. from IIT Kharagpur in 1998 and Ph.D. in Computer Science from U.P. Technical University, Lucknow under the joint guidance of IIT Kanpur, November 2004. Research Interests of Dr.Pathak include Computational Geometry and Image Processing. Dr. Pathak has been Instrumental in implementation of Vedic Mathematics in year 1992. He had worked in Media Lab Asia and successfully did the work of info-sculpture. He worked with Intel Corp. and established a specialized lab in UP Technical University, Lucknow. As HoD of CSE he executed several MoUs with Intel, Microsoft and IBM at HBTI for high-tech learning. Dr. Pathak has attended many national and international conferences both in the country and abroad including France, Poland, Spain, USA, Portugal, Hungary, Morocco, Korea, China, Macau, Singapore, Egypt etc. Several of his papers presented have been published in national and international journals.Dr. Pathak is a Professional Member of Research degree committee in U.P. Technical University, Member of Board of U P Secondary Education, Member of Board of studies of U P Technical University and Expert member of NBA of AICTE. Dr. Pathak has organized several Symposia including “Biometrics & Network Security” at HBTI, Kanpur, International Symposium on “Recent Trends in Biometric Identifications” at IIT, Kanpur, and Workshop on “Java, J2EE, WebSphere, Linux Technologies” conducted by IBM professionals at HBTI, Kanpur.

K.V. Arya
Associate Professor, AVBIIITM, Gwalior


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